This study uses the mortality data at 5-yearly intervals from 1950 to at least 2015 to understand the effects of smoking on mortality in developed countries.

The data was mainly provided by the World Health Organization, from the official data provided to WHO by its member states. The population data for single years from 1950 to 2015 comprised the 2015 Revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects.


  •  For 52 'developed' countries or groups of countries, smoking-attributed deaths are estimated indirectly from national vital statistics, as in Peto, Lopezet al, 1992, 1994, and 
  • To sample the tables of tobacco deaths presented for each geographic area, click EU28 and review the 5 pairs of pages, or go to, click "Countries..." and choose one.
  • For five former Yugoslav republics, where historical trends may be unreliable or are unavailable, pages showing trends are omitted.
  • Minor differences between this and previous editions are due to the use of slightly different population estimates and use of actual (instead of estimated) national mortality data for some years.
  • The material presented was last updated in September 2015.  Further updates to include more years of data will be made available on this website.

Copyright waiver: Any part may be reproduced without seeking permission.

Our team

Selected Publications

Peto R, et al Mortality from tobacco in developed countries: indirect estimation from national vital statistics (1992), Lancet, 339, 1268 - 1278

Peto R, Lopez AD, Boreham J, Thun M and Heath Jr C. Mortality from Smoking in Developed Countries 1950-2000. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994.

Peto R, Lopez AD, Boreham J, Thun MJ. Mortality from smoking in developed countries 1950-2000, 2nd ed. International Union Against Cancer (UICC), Geneva: Switzerland, 2006. (

World Population Prospects: The 1992 Revision: ST/ESA/SER.A/135, United Nations, New York, 1993; p.139.

World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision; United Nations. accessed 7 October 2011

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