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OBJECTIVES: This retrospective cohort study developed a prognostic model incorporating PET texture analysis in patients with oesophageal cancer (OC). Internal validation of the model was performed. METHODS: Consecutive OC patients (n = 403) were chronologically separated into development (n = 302, September 2010-September 2014, median age = 67.0, males = 227, adenocarcinomas = 237) and validation cohorts (n = 101, September 2014-July 2015, median age = 69.0, males = 78, adenocarcinomas = 79). Texture metrics were obtained using a machine-learning algorithm for automatic PET segmentation. A Cox regression model including age, radiological stage, treatment and 16 texture metrics was developed. Patients were stratified into quartiles according to a prognostic score derived from the model. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Primary outcome was overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Six variables were significantly and independently associated with OS: age [HR =1.02 (95% CI 1.01-1.04), p < 0.001], radiological stage [1.49 (1.20-1.84), p < 0.001], treatment [0.34 (0.24-0.47), p < 0.001], log(TLG) [5.74 (1.44-22.83), p = 0.013], log(Histogram Energy) [0.27 (0.10-0.74), p = 0.011] and Histogram Kurtosis [1.22 (1.04-1.44), p = 0.017]. The prognostic score demonstrated significant differences in OS between quartiles in both the development (X2 143.14, df 3, p < 0.001) and validation cohorts (X2 20.621, df 3, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This prognostic model can risk stratify patients and demonstrates the additional benefit of PET texture analysis in OC staging. KEY POINTS: • PET texture analysis adds prognostic value to oesophageal cancer staging. • Texture metrics are independently and significantly associated with overall survival. • A prognostic model including texture analysis can help risk stratify patients.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00330-017-4973-y

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur Radiol

Publication Date

01/2018

Volume

28

Pages

428 - 436

Keywords

Neoplasms, Oesophagus, Positron-emission tomography, Prognosis, Survival, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Esophageal Neoplasms, Esophagus, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies