Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: We recently demonstrated the biologic importance of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) subunit Rel A in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and hypothesized that Rel A DNA binding would have prognostic significance in this disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Rel A DNA binding was quantified in nuclear extracts derived from 131 unselected CLL patient samples using a quantitative DNA-binding enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based method. We then investigated the ability of Rel A to predict for the requirement for treatment and survival and compared our findings with other established prognostic markers. RESULTS: Rel A DNA binding was strongly associated with advanced Binet stage (P < .0001) but did not correlate with immunoglobulin V(H) (IgV(H)) mutation status (P = .25), CD38 expression (P = .87), or zeta-chain-associated protein kinase 70 (ZAP-70) expression (P = .55). It was predictive of time to first treatment (P = .02) and time to subsequent treatment (P = .0001). In addition, Rel A was the most predictive marker of survival both from date of diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR], 9.1; P = .01) and date of entry into the study (HR, 3.9; P = .05) and retained prognostic significance in multivariate analysis for both time to first treatment and overall survival in the presence of Binet stage, IgV(H) mutation status, CD38, and ZAP-70. CONCLUSION: Rel A is an independent prognostic marker of survival in CLL and seems to have the unique capacity to predict the duration of response to therapy. Prospective assessment of Rel A as a marker of clinical outcome and as a therapeutic target are now warranted.

Original publication

DOI

10.1200/JCO.2008.19.1114

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Clin Oncol

Publication Date

10/02/2009

Volume

27

Pages

763 - 769

Keywords

ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biomarkers, DNA-Binding Proteins, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Humans, Immunoglobulin Variable Region, Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Transcription Factor RelA, ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase