[Association between central obesity and risk for heart disease in adults in China: a prospective study].
Tian Y., Yang SC., Yu CQ., Guo Y., Bian Z., Tan YL., Pei P., Chen JS., Chen ZM., Lyu J., Li LM., China Kadoorie Biobank Collaborative Group None.
Objective: To understand the association between central obesity, assessed by waist circumference, and the risks for ischemic heart disease (IHD), major coronary event (MCE), and IHD death. Methods: After excluding participants with heart disease, stroke, cancer, COPD, and diabetes at baseline survey, we included a total of 428 595 participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank for the analysis. The baseline survey was conducted from June 2004 to July 2008. We used Cox proportional hazards model to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95%CI. Results: During an average 9.1 years of follow-up (3 803 637 person-years), we documented 26 900 incident cases of IHD, 4 320 cases of MCE, and 2 787 of deaths from IHD. After adjustment for possible confounders and BMI, central obesity was found to be associated with increased risks for IHD, MCE, and IHD death. The adjusted HRs (for the participants who had waist circumference of 85.0-89.9 cm in men and 80.0-84.9 cm in women were 1.13 (95%CI: 1.09-1.17) for IHD, 1.15 (95%CI: 1.05-1.26) for MCE and 1.11 (95%CI: 0.98-1.24) for IHD death. The respective HRs for those central obese participants (men ≥90.0 cm, women ≥85.0 cm) were 1.29 (95%CI: 1.24-1.34), 1.30 (95%CI: 1.17-1.44) and 1.32 (95%CI: 1.16-1.51). Further stratification analysis according to BMI showed that the risks for incident IHD, MCE, and IHD death increased along with the increase of waist circumference even in the participants with normal weight. Conclusion: This large-scale prospective study revealed that central obesity was an independent risk factor for IHD in adults in China, and the risk of IHD would increase with the increase of waist circumference.