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BACKGROUND: Descriptive epidemiological studies documenting the incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and studies that report morbidity, mortality, and economic burden provide essential information for patients, healthcare providers, and policymakers. However, the quality of reporting of observational studies is often poor, limiting the ability to evaluate the validity of the findings. The Standards of Reporting of Neurological Disorders (STROND) reporting guideline comprises recommendations and a 15-item checklist of reporting items to aid high-quality reporting of incidence and prevalence studies of neurological disorders. METHODS: We explain the basic reporting items of the STROND checklist for the methods, results, and discussion sections in the context of the MS literature and searched for examples of good reporting of those items. RESULTS: We identified examples of good reporting of the basic reporting items from previous systematic reviews of the descriptive epidemiologic literature in MS. CONCLUSION: The adoption of the STROND reporting guidelines should improve the quality of reporting of descriptive epidemiological studies in MS. Along with efforts to improve methodological aspects of epidemiological studies and harmonization of data collection efforts, improved reporting could contribute to furthering our understanding of the epidemiology of MS.

Original publication




Journal article


Mult Scler

Publication Date





23 - 33


Multiple sclerosis, epidemiology, reporting, Checklist, Cross-Sectional Studies, Humans, Multiple Sclerosis, Nervous System Diseases, Prevalence, Research Design