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Adjuvant bisphosphonates are often recommended in postmenopausal women with early breast cancer at intermediate-to-high risk of disease recurrence, but the magnitude and duration of their effects on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers (BTMs) are not well described. We evaluated the impact of adjuvant zoledronate on areal BMD and BTMs in a sub-group of patients who had completed the large 5-yr randomized Adjuvant Zoledronic Acid to Reduce Recurrence (AZURE) trial. About 224 women (recurrence free) who had completed the AZURE trial within the previous 3 mo were recruited from 20 UK AZURE trial sites. One hundred twenty had previously been randomized to zoledronate (19 doses of 4 mg over 5 yr) and 104 to the control arm. BMD and BTMs were assessed at sub-study entry, 6 (BTMs only), 12, 24, and 60 mo following the completion of AZURE. As expected, mean BMD, T-scores, and Z-scores at sub-study entry were higher in the zoledronate vs the control arm. At the lumbar spine, the mean (SD) standardized BMD (sBMD) was 1123 (201) and 985 (182) mg/cm2 in the zoledronate and control arms, respectively (P 

Original publication




Journal article


J Bone Miner Res

Publication Date





8 - 16


AZURE trial, adjuvant bisphosphonates, bone mineral density, bone turnover markers, breast cancer