Impact of stent overlap on long-term clinical outcomes in patients treated with newer-generation drug-eluting stents.
O'Sullivan CJ., Stefanini GG., Räber L., Heg D., Taniwaki M., Kalesan B., Pilgrim T., Zanchin T., Moschovitis A., Büllesfeld L., Khattab AA., Meier B., Wenaweser P., Jüni P., Windecker S.
AIMS: Early-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) overlap (OL) is associated with impaired long-term clinical outcomes whereas the impact of OL with newer-generation DES is unknown. Our aim was to assess the impact of OL on long-term clinical outcomes among patients treated with newer-generation DES. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed the three-year clinical outcomes of 3,133 patients included in a prospective DES registry according to stent type (sirolimus-eluting stents [SES; N=1,532] versus everolimus-eluting stents [EES; N=1,601]), and the presence or absence of OL. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target vessel revascularisation (TVR). The primary endpoint was more common in patients with OL (25.1%) than in those with multiple DES without OL (20.8%, adj HR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.03-2.09) and patients with a single DES (18.8%, adj HR=1.74, 95% CI: 1.34-2.25, p<0.001) at three years. A stratified analysis by stent type showed a higher risk of the primary outcome in SES with OL (28.7%) compared to other SES groups (without OL: 22.6%, p=0.04; single DES: 17.6%, p<0.001), but not between EES with OL (22.3%) and other EES groups (without OL: 18.5%, p=0.30; single DES: 20.4%, p=0.20). CONCLUSIONS: DES overlap is associated with impaired clinical outcomes during long-term follow-up. Compared with SES, EES provide similar clinical outcomes irrespective of DES overlap status.