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AIMS: We sought to assess the performance of drug-eluting stents combining an ultrathin cobalt-chromium platform with a biodegradable polymer across categories of increasing SYNTAX score (SS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients included in the BIOSCIENCE trial and randomly allocated to treatment with biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents (BP-SES) or durable polymer everolimus-eluting stents (DP-EES) were categorised according to SS tertiles (low <8, medium 8-15, high >15). The primary endpoint, target lesion failure (TLF), was defined as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and clinically indicated target lesion revascularisation. The patient-oriented endpoint (POCE) included death, myocardial infarction, or any repeat revascularisation. The SS was available in 2,041 out of 2,119 patients (96.3%). At two-year follow-up, patients with an SS >15 experienced higher rates of both TLF and POCE as compared to patients with medium and low SS (14.5% vs. 8.1% and vs. 5.9%, p<0.001; 22.7% vs. 14.9% and vs. 12.4%; p<0.001), respectively. Comparable rates of the composite endpoints were documented for both stent types in each category of SS. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing lesion complexity as assessed by SS was associated with higher rates of TLF and POCE in a contemporary PCI population with minimal exclusion criteria. BP-SES and DP-EES showed comparable performance across the entire spectrum of CAD severity.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





e595 - e604


Absorbable Implants, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Coronary Artery Disease, Drug-Eluting Stents, Everolimus, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Sirolimus, Treatment Outcome