Individual Patient Data Meta-analysis of Drug-eluting Versus Bare-metal Stents for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Chronic Versus Acute Coronary Syndromes
Piccolo R., Bonaa KH., Efthimiou O., Varenne O., Baldo A., Urban P., Kaiser C., de Belder A., Lemos PA., Wilsgaard T., Reifart J., Ribeiro EE., Serruys PW., Byrne RA., de la Torre Hernandez JM., Esposito G., Wijns W., Jüni P., Windecker S., Valgimigli M.
New-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) strongly reduce restenosis and repeat revascularization compared with bare-metal stents (BMS) for percutaneous coronary intervention. There is residual uncertainty as to whether other prognostically relevant outcomes are affected by DES versus BMS concerning initial presentation (chronic coronary syndrome [CCS] vs acute coronary syndrome [ACS]). We performed an individual patient data meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing new-generation DES versus BMS (CRD42017060520). The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction (MI). Outcomes were examined at maximum follow-up and with a 1-year landmark. Risk estimates are expressed as hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). A total of 22,319 patients were included across 14 trials; 7,691 patients (34.5%) with CCS and 14,628 patients (65.5%) with ACS. We found evidence that new-generation DES versus BMS consistently reduced the risk of cardiac death or MI in both patients with CCS (HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.70 to 0.98, p <0.001) and ACS (HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.92, p <0.001) (p-interaction = 0.931). This benefit was mainly driven by a similar reduction in the risk of MI (p-interaction = 0.898) for both subsets (HRCCS 0.80, 95% CI 0.65 to 0.97; HRACS 0.79, 95% CI 0.70 to 0.89). In CCS and ACS, we found a time-dependent treatment effect, with the benefit from DES accumulating during 1-year follow-up, without offsetting effects after that. In conclusion, patients with CCS were slightly underrepresented in comparative clinical trials. Still, they benefited similarly to patients with ACS from new-generation DES instead of BMS with a sustained reduction of cardiac death or MI because of lower event rates within 1 year.