Transvenous lead extraction procedures in women based on ESC-EHRA EORP European Lead Extraction ConTRolled ELECTRa registry: is female sex a predictor of complications?
Polewczyk A., Rinaldi CA., Sohal M., Golzio P-G., Claridge S., Cano O., Laroche C., Kennergren C., Deharo J-C., Kutarski A., Butter C., Blomström-Lundqvist C., Romano SL., Maggioni AP., Auricchio A., Diemberger I., Pisano ECL., Rossillo A., Kuck K-H., Forster T., Bongiorni MG., ELECTRa investigators group None.
AIMS: Female sex is considered an independent risk factor of transvenous leads extraction (TLE) procedure. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of TLE in women compared with men. METHODS AND RESULTS: A post hoc analysis of risk factors and effectiveness of TLE in women and men included in the ESC-EHRA EORP ELECTRa registry was conducted. The rate of major complications was 1.96% in women vs. 0.71% in men; P = 0.0025. The number of leads was higher in men (mean 1.89 vs. 1.71; P