[Correlation between chronic diseases and low muscle mass, strength and quality in adults in China].
Wen QR., Wu M., Liu Q., Lyu J., Guo Y., Bian Z., Pei P., Du HD., Chen JS., Yu CQ., Chen ZM., Li LM.
Objective: To explore the correlation between chronic diseases and muscle mass, strength and quality in adults in China. Methods: Based on the second resurvey of China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) in 2013-2014, logistic regression models were used to analyze the correlation of different types, number and duration of chronic diseases with low muscle mass, handgrip strength and muscle quality. Results: The prevalence rate of diabetes, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were 9.6%, 5.8%, 3.2% and 26.8%, respectively, and 38.8% of the participants had at least one disease, and they were more likely to have low handgrip strength and low arm muscle quality (AMQ), and the longer the chronic diseases duration, the higher the risk. The ORs (95%CIs) for low handgrip strength and low AMQ in patients with 1 chronic disease for more than 10 years was 1.64 (1.42-1.90) and 1.83 (1.60-2.10), respectively. The ORs (95%CIs) for low handgrip strength were 1.26 (1.17-1.37), 1.42 (1.23-1.64) and 2.27 (1.55-3.32) and the ORs (95%CIs) for low AMQ were 1.28 (1.18-1.38), 1.67 (1.46-1.92) and 2.41(1.69-3.45), respectively, in patients with 1, 2, ≥3 chronic diseases, the correlation showed a linear trend (P for trend <0.001). Diabetes, CHD and stroke were positively correlated with low handgrip strength and low AMQ. Compared with participants without COPD, COPD patients were more likely to have low appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI), low total skeletal muscle mass index (TSMI) and low handgrip strength, and the risk was positively correlated with disease duration. Conclusions: Patients with chronic diseases were more likely to have lower muscle strength and muscle quality, especially the patients with multi diseases and longer disease duration. The proportion of low handgrip strength and low AMQ was higher in patients who reported multi-prevalence and longer duration of chronic diseases.