Continuity of Genetic Risk for Aggressive Behavior Across the Life-Course.
van der Laan CM., Morosoli-García JJ., van de Weijer SGA., Colodro-Conde L., ACTION Consortium None., Lupton MK., Mitchell BL., McAloney K., Parker R., Burns JM., Hickie IB., Pool R., Hottenga J-J., Martin NG., Medland SE., Nivard MG., Boomsma DI.
We test whether genetic influences that explain individual differences in aggression in early life also explain individual differences across the life-course. In two cohorts from The Netherlands (N = 13,471) and Australia (N = 5628), polygenic scores (PGSs) were computed based on a genome-wide meta-analysis of childhood/adolescence aggression. In a novel analytic approach, we ran a mixed effects model for each age (Netherlands: 12-70 years, Australia: 16-73 years), with observations at the focus age weighted as 1, and decaying weights for ages further away. We call this approach a 'rolling weights' model. In The Netherlands, the estimated effect of the PGS was relatively similar from age 12 to age 41, and decreased from age 41-70. In Australia, there was a peak in the effect of the PGS around age 40 years. These results are a first indication from a molecular genetics perspective that genetic influences on aggressive behavior that are expressed in childhood continue to play a role later in life.