Richard Doll Consortium
Over a period of decades, large population-based observational studies have helped identify several major classic causes of premature death from non-communicable diseases (NCD), including hypertension, smoking, obesity (adiposity), harmful alcohol use, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, poor diet and physical inactivity. However, the effects of such factors vary greatly from one population to another. There is still substantial uncertainty as to how important these factors are in different settings, and how their importance is changing with time. At present, global estimates must depend mainly on mathematical extrapolation from findings in high-income countries. Direct evidence from low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) is important as it may in the long run improve local and regional NCD control strategies and actions. Moreover, LMIC findings may change global estimates significantly, thus strengthening our understanding of the NCD burden and the local relevance of its causes.
The aims of this consortium are to:
- directly monitor the current and future effects of hypertension, smoking and the other classic causes of NCD mortality in many different populations over multiple decades
- strengthen LMIC research capacity to conduct large, population-based NCD epidemiological studies that will produce reliable scientific findings for publication in high-impact journals
- develop future leaders in NCD epidemiology who are well equipped to inform national and global health policy for NCD prevention and control.
Furthermore, a global system for maintaining such studies would facilitate greater collaboration between researchers, promote data sharing and its strategic use, and result in a global resource on the effects of lifestyle risk factors on premature death, which could be used to inform public health decision-making.
Follow the links to the collaborators' websites for details of the studies: