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OBJECTIVE: External, nonrestrictive, macro-porous polyester stents prevent neointima formation in porcine vein grafts and have been proposed as a therapeutic approach to the prevention of late vein graft failure. These stents are nonbiodegradable and therefore may promote long-term foreign body problems including infection and inflammation. The effect of external macro-porous biodegradable (polyglactin) sheaths on neointimal and medial thickening in porcine vein grafts was therefore investigated. METHODS: Bilateral saphenous vein-carotid artery interposition grafting was performed in white Landrace pigs (n = 8) with external placement of polyglactin (Vicryl) sheaths (8 mm in diameter) on 1 side, with the contralateral side acting as a control. One month after surgery, grafts were explanted and wall dimensions measured on histological sections using computer-aided planimetry, and an immunocytochemical appraisal was carried out. RESULTS: All grafts were patent at explantation. Polyglactin sheaths significantly reduced intimal thickness, medial thickness, and the percentage of proliferating cells compared with unsheathed controls. There was a pronounced accumulation of macrophages, giant cells, endothelial cells, and microvessels within and surrounding the biodegradable sheath compared with controls. CONCLUSIONS: A nonrestrictive, biodegradable (polyglactin), external sheath reduces medial and intimal thickening in experimental saphenous vein grafts, possibly through inflammatory cell-mediated angiogenesis. If subsequent long-term studies confirm preservation of this beneficial effect, once the sheath biodegrades, this approach may have an advantage over the permanent polyester stent when applied clinically.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jtcvs.2003.09.054

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg

Publication Date

06/2004

Volume

127

Pages

1766 - 1772

Keywords

Analysis of Variance, Anastomosis, Surgical, Animals, Biocompatible Materials, Carotid Arteries, Disease Models, Animal, Female, Graft Occlusion, Vascular, Immunohistochemistry, Male, Neovascularization, Physiologic, Polyglactin 910, Probability, Saphenous Vein, Sensitivity and Specificity, Statistics, Nonparametric, Stents, Surface Properties, Swine, Tunica Intima, Tunica Media