Comparison of biolimus eluted from an erodible stent coating with bare metal stents in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (COMFORTABLE AMI trial): rationale and design.
Räber L., Kelbaek H., Ostoijc M., Baumbach A., Tüller D., von Birgelen C., Roffi M., Pedrazzini G., Kornowski R., Weber K., Heg D., Matter C., Lüscher T., Taniwaki M., Meier B., Jüni P., Windecker S.
AIMS: Compared with bare metal stents (BMS), early generation drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce the risk of revascularisation in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) at the expense of an increased risk of very late stent thrombosis (ST). Durable polymer coatings for controlled drug release have been identified as a potential trigger for these late adverse events and this has led to the development of newer generation DES with durable and biodegradable polymer surface coatings with improved biocompatibility. In a recent all-comers trial, biolimus-eluting stents with a biodegradable polymer surface coating were found to reduce the risk of very late ST by 80% compared with sirolimus-eluting stents with durable polymer, which also translated into a lower risk of cardiac death and myocardial infarction (MI) beyond one year. METHODS AND RESULTS: The multicentre COMFORTABLE AMI trial (NCT00962416) randomly assigned 1,161 patients to treatment with biolimus-eluting stents with biodegrable polymer and bare metal stents of otherwise identical design at 11 international sites. The primary endpoint is a composite of cardiac death, target-vessel MI and target lesion revascularisation at one year. Assuming a relative risk reduction of 40% in event rates of the primary endpoint in favour of biolimus-eluting stents with biodegradable polymer, 1,064 patients will provide 80% power to demonstrate superiority. Clinical follow-up will be continued through five years. CONCLUSIONS: The COMFORTABLE AMI trial will determine whether biolimus-eluting stents with biodegradable polymer are superior to bare metal stents of otherwise identical design. This is the first randomised controlled trial (RCT) investigating DES with a biodegradable polymer surface coating for drug release in the treatment of patients with STEMI.