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The chief acknowledgement is to the millions of doctors, registrars of death, medical statisticians and other supporting staff who, in dozens of countries throughout the latter half of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century, have documented the causes of hundreds of millions of deaths, and rendered publicly available their findings.
Cancer Research UK and the Medical Research Council provided long-term support, and the Clinical Trial Service Unit provided extensive computing facilities.
The basic mortality data was obtained from the WHOSIS website (http://www.who.int/whosis/mort/download/en/index.html, accessed 24 November 2011); assistance with this from Doris Mafat is gratefully acknowledged. Additional mortality data for the Former Soviet Union was provided by Vladimir Shkolnikov. The American Cancer Society provided data from their CPS-II and CPS-I prospective studies of smoking and death among one million Americans in the 1980s and the 1960s. The United Nations Population Division made available their World Population Prospects: 2010 Revision.